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Ipswich County Library, the second oldest municipal library in the UK

I noticed a lack of any timeline of library history in the recent introduction The Library: A Fragile History (2022), and I didn’t see one in Wikipedia either, so here is a suggested starting point. Although I sang the praises of ten dates for a chronology, this one has over 50 items. Nonetheless, I hope it is helpful. I realise from the chronology that most of the significant events during the last 25 years have been digital. Can anyone think of a major event in library history from the last ten years?

C2500-609Assyrian Empire had libraries of cuneiform documents, on clay tablets
338Athens establishes an official archive of texts
285-246 BCELibrary of Alexandria (a scholarly archive) founded by Ptolemy II Philadelphius
802Synod of Aachen: Parish churches made responsible for keeping a rudimentary parish library
C9Earliest reference to a monastic library, at St Gallen, with books stored in chests
C13First chained libraries, at the Sorbonne, Paris
Late C13ffHumanists in Italy collecting books. Many classical books acquired from monastery libraries.
1444Completion of San Marco Library, Florence, for Cosimo de’ Medici, open to “literate male citizens of the city of Florence with scholarly interests”
1447Duke Humfrey of Lancaster bequeaths 281 books to form the Oxford University Library
C1450Gutenberg invents moveable-type printing
C16Fernando Colon assembles a library in Seville of over 15,000 books and ephemera, with an alphabetical catalogue, and books on open shelves (rather than in chests)
1506Sponheim Library grows to 2,000 books and manuscripts
C16When German cities adopt Lutheranism, they create school libraries
1550sEnglish university libraries closed by order of the Crown. Oxford University books removed and mostly destroyed
1595first printed library catalogue at Leiden, Netherlands
1602opening of Bodleian Library, Oxford
1610Thomas Bodley persuades The Stationers’ Company to deposit a copy of every new printed work in England to the Bodleian Library: the foundation of legal deposit
1638John Harvard bequeaths 400 books to create the new Harvard University Library (today the world’s largest private library)
1642Cardinal Mazarin opens the first reference library open to all (until 1652)
1698Thomas Bray founds the SPCK, with a library for clergymen in every rural area, of 62-72 books
1704-08Rev Kirkwood initiates a plan for a public lending library in every parish of Scotland (never completed)
C18The Baroque Hall Library widely built in Northern Europe, designed to impress by the space rather than by the books
1701Hamburg Municipal Library allows citizens to borrow books
1720sLesengesellschaften, reading societies, in German-speaking lands (600 by 1800)
1725The first circulating library established in Edinburgh, providing books more for leisure than for improvement.
1731The first subscription lending library, the Library Company of Philadelphia, founded by Benjamin Franklin and associates.
1753Hans Sloane sells his collection to form the first national library, British Library (opened 1759)
1762William Read opens the first circulating library in North America.
1781The Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, the first of the major UK civic learned societies
1820New York Apprentices’ Library and Mercantile Library Association founded
1821The first Mechanics’ Institute in the UK, in Edinburgh, including a library; in 1823 equivalents opened in Manchester, Glasgow and London, growing to 9,000 institutes by 1900
1830Bombay subscription library open (on payment) to Indian population
1833Peterborough, New Hampshire, becomes the first public library funded by local taxation with free access to all
1842Mudie’s Library, for many years the UK’s largest circulating library
1850The UK Public Libraries Act empowers UK local authorities to raise funds to create public libraries, although only few cities made use of the provision
1854The Boston Public Library opens (planned from 1848)
1857The first mobile library or bookmobile, in Cumbria, UK. In the USA, many bookmobiles in rural areas were supported by Women’s Clubs
1859The Cooper Union Reading Room in New York provides free access to newspapers and periodicals
1876Melvin Dewey publishes the first Dewey Decimal Classification, the most widespread library cataloguing system
1883-1929Andrew Carnegie funds building of over 2,500 public libraries, in the USA and UK, including many in smaller towns
Late C19Workers’ Libraries in Germany become widespread, run by trade unions and the Social Democratic Party
1897US Library of Congress moves to a purpose-built building
1897Library of Congress Classification released, using 21 basic classes based on letters of the alphabet
1911Main Building of the New York Public Library opened
Early C20Rise of the major US research libraries: Morgan (New York) 1924, Huntingdon (California) 1919, Folger (Washington DC) 1932, all from private collections
1939The ALA issues a Bill of Rights, affirming the library’s right to choose which books should enter the collection
1949UNESCO manifesto on public libraries
1966MARC, a standard for sharing bibliographic data, released
1995Internet Public Library, largely run by volunteers (closed 2015)
1996Internet Archive founded, providing free Access to web pages, books, films, and other material, collected by web crawling
2001The Wayback Machine, an archive of all web pages, launched by the Internet Archive
2004Google announces plan to digitize all the world’s books, later abandoned in face of opposition from authors, publishers and libraries
2008Hathi Trust, a digital library of books and journals, founded by 60 research libraries
2011Controlled Digital Lending (CDL) begun by the Internet Archive
2013Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) founded – a collection of public domain content